Female Reproductive System
All living things reproduce. Reproduction - the process by which organisms make more organisms like themselves - is one of the things that sets living things apart from nonliving matter. But even though the reproductive system is essential to keeping a species alive, unlike other body systems, it's not essential to keeping an individual alive.
In the human reproductive process, 2 kinds of sex cells, or gametes, are involved. The male gamete, or sperm, and the female gamete, the egg or ovum, meet in the female's reproductive system to create a new individual. Both the male and female reproductive systems are essential for reproduction. The female needs a male to fertilize her egg, even though it is she who carries offspring through pregnancy and childbirth.
Humans, like other organisms, pass certain characteristics of themselves to the next generation through their genes, the special carriers of human traits. The genes that parents pass along to their children are what make children similar to others in their family, but they are also what make each child unique. These genes come from the male's sperm and the female's egg, which are produced by the male and female reproductive systems.
The female reproductive system consists of those organs which enable a woman to produce eggs (ova), to have sexual intercourse, to nourish and house the fertilized ovum until it is fully developed, and to give birth. Unlike the male, the female sexual organs are almost entirely hidden. The female organs are made up of the vulva, the vagina, the uterus (or womb), the fallopian tubes, and the ovaries. The breasts are also included in the reproductive system of the female because they develop to become the feeding station of the new-born baby, besides contributing to the enjoyment of sexual intercourse. The biological symbol for the female comes from the representation of the hand mirror of Venus, the Roman goddess of love and fertility.
The male reproductive system enables a man to have sexual intercourse and to fertilize ova (eggs) with sperm (male sex cells). Sperm, along with male sex hormones, are produced in the "testes," a pair of oval-shaped glands which are suspended in a pouch called the scrotum. The sexual organs of the male are partly visible and partly hidden within the body. The visible parts are the penis and the scrotum. Inside the body are the prostate gland and tubes which link the system together. The male organs produce and transfer sperm to the female for fertilization. The biological symbol for the male comes from a symbol of the shield and spear of Mars, the Roman god of war and aggression.
The reproduction system uses the process of producing a new generation to continue the existence of the species by the fusion of two cells from different individuals; this is achieved in humans by the fusion of one sperm and one ovum (egg). This fusion is called "fertilization" and is achieved by sexual intercourse between a male and female or by artificial insemination. The male body is designed to allow the manufacture, storage and transfer of male sex cells (or sperm). The female body is designed to manufacture, store and release eggs (ova). The creation of human life is a miracle to behold as two tiny cells - the sperm and the ovum - fuse to form a new cell which, after fertilization, resides in the female womb. Nine months later, a fully- formed, breathing, living human being in tiny replica is born.